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ABOUT SRIKAKULAM DISTRICT

Srikakulam District, formerly known as Chicacole, is the extreme northeastern district of Andhra Pradesh, situated within the geographic co-ordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. Vizianagaram District flanks it in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. The great Eastern Ghats run from the northeast. It is the second least populous district of Andhra Pradesh (out of 13), after Vizianagaram.


Pre History


Evidence of early historic man and his activities during Stone Age and Iron Age periods have been recently discovered at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta. The speciality of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft thickness. Sailada Hills consists of 36 upright rocks and natural caves used for habitation by Iron Age man in Amudalavalasa mandal of the district.


Post Independence


Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District, and it remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for some time. But in November 1969, the district lost 63 Villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 Villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District. Again in May 1979, the district had undergone major territorial changes on account of the formation of new District with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Saluru, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new District. Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, Temples, food, music and theatres.


Geography


Srikakulam district occupies an area of 5,837 square kilometres (2,254 sq miles) and can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and another portion of the district is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some of the Mahendragiri Hills also come under Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthuru, Hiramandalam, Pathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests.

Srikakulam is located 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 27,03,114 of which 16.16 % is urban as of 2011. Srikakulam district has the longest coast line of about 193 km (120 mi) in the state of Andhra Pradesh. It is bordered by Odisha on the north, Vizianagaram district on the west and south, Bay of Bengal on the east.

Major Rivers flowing through the district are River Nagavali, River Vamsadhara, Mahendratanaya, Champavati, Bahuda, Kumbhikota Gedda, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavati, Gomukhi. The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda. Major irrigation projects on these rivers Vamsadhara Project, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator and some medium projects at Pydigam Project, Onigadda are providing a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).


Demographics


According to the 2011 census Srikakulam district has a population of 27,03,114. This gives it a ranking of 147th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 463 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mile). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 6.52%. Srikakulam has a sex ratio of 1015 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 61.74%.


Household indicators


According to 2007–08, International Institute for Population Sciences, 86.9% had access to Eelectricity, 70.4% had Drinking water, 18.5% Toilet Facilities, and 47.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 31.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 90.1% of interviewees carried a BPL (Below Poverty Line) card.


Administration


Revenue divisions and Mandals : There are three divisions namely Srikakulam, Palakonda and Tekkali and 38 mandals in the  district


  1. Amadalavalasa
  2. Bhamini
  3. Burja
  4. Etcherla
  5. Gara
  6. Ganguvari Sigadam
  7. Hiramandalam
  8. Ichchapuram
  9. Jalumuru
  10. Kanchili
  11. Kaviti
  12. Kotabommali
  13. Kothuru(Srikakulam)
  14. Lakshminarasupeta
  15. Laveru
  16. Mandasa
  17. Meliaputti
  18. Nandigam
  19. Narasannapeta
  20. Palakonda
  21. Palasa
  22. Pathapatnam
  23. Polaki
  24. Ponduru
  25. Rajam
  26. Ranastalam
  27. Regidi Amadalavalasa
  28. Santhabommali
  29. Santhakavati
  30. Saravakota
  31. Sarubujjili
  32. Seethampeta
  33. Sompeta
  34. Srikakulam
  35. Tekkali
  36. Vajrapu Kotturu
  37. Vangara
  38. Veeraghattam


Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies



There are 3 Parliamentary Constituencies and 10 assembly constituencies in Srikakulam district. Parliamentary constituencies include Srikakulam, Araku, Vizianagaram. The 10 Assembly Constituencies are Amadalavalasa, Rajam, Tekkali, Ichchapuram, Palasa, Narasannapeta, Palakonda, Pathapatnam, Srikakulam and Etcherla.


KEY STATISTICS BASED ON 2011/2001 CENSUS :



Description
2011 CENSUS
      2001 CENSUS
Actual Population
2,703,114    
        2,537,593
Male 
 1,341,738
         1,260,020
Female
 1,361,376 
         1,277,573
Population Growth
6.52%
        9.33%
Area Sq. Km
  5,837 
         5,837
Density/km2
   463 
        435
Proportion to Andhra Pradesh Population
    3.20% 
         3.33%
Sex Ratio (Per 1000)
  1015
        1014
Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Age)
     954  
         967
Average Literacy
  61.74
        55.31
Male Literacy
   71.61
         67.19
Female Literacy
   52.08
         43.68
Total Child Population (0-6 Age)
281,037
        336,093
Male Population (0-6 Age)
143,835
         170,831
Female Population (0-6 Age)
137,202
         165,262
Literates
1,495,381
        1,217,659
Male Literates
857,824
         731,778
Female Literates
637,557 
         485,881
Child Proportion (0-6 Age)
10.40%
       13.24%
Boys Proportion (0-6 Age)
 10.72%         
        13.56%
Girls Proportion (0-6 Age)
 10.08%
        12.94%

  


Description
           Rural
Urban 
Population (%)             
           83.84 %
  16.16 %
Total Population
        2,266,411
436,703
Male Population           
        1,126,888                                    
214,850
Female Population
        1,139,523
221,853
Sex Ratio
                1011
     1033
Child Sex Ratio (0-6)
                  958  
       932
Child Population (0-6)
           238,331
  42,706
Male Child(0-6)
           121,732 
  22,103
Female Child(0-6)
           116,599
  20,603
Child Percentage (0-6)
           10.52 %
  9.78 %
Male Child Percentage
           10.80 %
10.29 %
Female Child Percentage
           10.23 %
  9.29 %
Literates
        1,186,662
308,719
Male Literates
           692,122
165,702
Female Literates
           494,540
143,017
Average Literacy
           58.51 %
78.36 %
Male Literacy
           68.86 %
85.97 %
Female Literacy        
           48.35 %
71.06 %


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